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Cognitive Rehabilitation

What is cognitive rehabilitation?

Cognitive Rehabilitation is a type of therapy that focuses on relearning cognitive skills that have been lost or altered as a result of damage to one or more areas of the brain. If skills cannot be relearned, then new ones have to be taught to enable the person to compensate for their lost cognitive functions. According to the Society for Cognitive Rehabilitation, areas of focus include:

  • Developing awareness of the problem. This is done through education about the individuals strengths and weaknesses. 

  • Process Training. This refers to the development of skills through direct retraining or practicing the underlying cognitive skills. The focus here is on resolving the problem.

  • Strategy Training. This involves the use of environmental, internal and external strategies. The focus here is on compensating rather than resolving the problem.

  • Functional Activities Training. This involves the application of the other three components in everyday life. The focus here is on real life improvements.

Patients referred for cognitive rehabilitation have typically been diagnosed with:

  • Tramautic Brain Injury

  • Concussion

  • Closed Head Injury 

  • Vascular Dementia 

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